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# Rocket Science

[[!img v_bo-small.png size="300x300" class="picture" ]]

See also: ([[mathematical notation|MathSymbols]])

In order to better understand how to build rockets, we should be reasonably familiar with the theory of rocketry. Presented here are the physics behind rockets and discussions on their motion both near the ground and in space.

[[!toc levels=3]]

## Launch Vehicle Dynamics 

### Kinematics

 - [[Rocket Motion in One Dimension|SimpleRockets_1D]]

### Aerodynamics

 - Conversion Table for Common Pressure Units: [[PressureUnits.pdf]]
 - An online textbook about aerodynamics: <http://www.desktopaero.com/appliedaero/preface/welcome.html>
 - Optimal Nosecone shape: <http://dspace.mit.edu/bitstream/handle/1721.1/34027/18367392.pdf>

#### The Atmosphere

- A Simple equation relating atmospheric pressure to altitude. Derived from the ICAO international standard atmosphere model: [[PressureAltitude_Derived.pdf]] ( v1.03 42k )

### Simulation

- [[Rocket Simulator|RocketSim]]

### Optimization

 - [[The Vertical Shoot Problem|vertical_shoot_problem]]
 - [[The Goddard Problem|goddard_problem]]

## Orbital Mechanics

- [[Gravity and introduction to orbits|orbit_intro]]

### Kepler
### Orbital Perturbations

## Propulsion

- [[Propulsion Team Home|PropulsionTeamHome]]
- [[FlightArticleLOXParaffinHybridMotor]]
- [[TheoryOfOperation]]
- MIT Open Courseware on propulsion: <http://ocw.mit.edu/OcwWeb/Aeronautics-and-Astronautics/16-512Fall-2005/CourseHome/index.htm>

## Coordinate Systems

- [[Our Coordinate Conventions|CoordinateSystem]]

### Geodesy

- Conversion of Geodetic coordinates to the Local Tangent Plane: [[CoordinateSystem/Latitude_to_LocalTangent.pdf]]

## Other Rockets

 - [[Astrobee D]]

## Other Engineering

- [[Strain Gages|StrainGages]]
- [[Thermistors For Temperature Measurements|Thermistors.pdf]]
- Optimal Control: <http://ocw.mit.edu/OcwWeb/Aeronautics-and-Astronautics/16-323Spring-2006/CourseHome/index.htm>

## Other sources

The MIT Open Courseware project has some good aerospace related course materials available online for free. Check these out:

- Aerospace page: <http://ocw.mit.edu/OcwWeb/Aeronautics-and-Astronautics/index.htm>

NASA printed a series of papers called Guidance, Flight Mechanics, and Trajectory Optimization. This 17 volume report was used in the design of the Space Shuttle and many other programs designed for trajectory optimization. Here are all 17 volumes:

  1. [[Coordinate Systems and Time Measure|NASA_CR_GUIDANCE_FLIGHT_MECHANICS_AND_TRAJECTORY_OPTIMIZATION_Volume1.pdf]]
  1. [[Observation Theory and Sensors|NASA_CR_GUIDANCE_FLIGHT_MECHANICS_AND_TRAJECTORY_OPTIMIZATION_Volume2.pdf]]
  1. [[The Two Body Problem|NASA_CR_GUIDANCE_FLIGHT_MECHANICS_AND_TRAJECTORY_OPTIMIZATION_Volume3.pdf]]
  1. [[The Calculus of Variations|NASA_CR_GUIDANCE_FLIGHT_MECHANICS_AND_TRAJECTORY_OPTIMIZATION_Volume4.pdf]]
  1. [[State Determination and/or Estimation|NASA_CR_GUIDANCE_FLIGHT_MECHANICS_AND_TRAJECTORY_OPTIMIZATION_Volume5.pdf]]
  1. [[The N-Body Problem and Special Perturbation Techniques|NASA_CR_GUIDANCE_FLIGHT_MECHANICS_AND_TRAJECTORY_OPTIMIZATION_Volume6.pdf]]
  1. [[The Pontryagin Maximum Principle|NASA_CR_GUIDANCE_FLIGHT_MECHANICS_AND_TRAJECTORY_OPTIMIZATION_Volume7.pdf]]
  1. [[Boost Guidance Equations|NASA_CR_GUIDANCE_FLIGHT_MECHANICS_AND_TRAJECTORY_OPTIMIZATION_Volume8.pdf]]
  1. [[General Perturbations Theory|NASA_CR_GUIDANCE_FLIGHT_MECHANICS_AND_TRAJECTORY_OPTIMIZATION_Volume9.pdf]]
  1. [[Dynamic Programming |NASA_CR_GUIDANCE_FLIGHT_MECHANICS_AND_TRAJECTORY_OPTIMIZATION_Volume10.pdf]]
  1. [[Guidance Equations for Orbital Operations|NASA_CR_GUIDANCE_FLIGHT_MECHANICS_AND_TRAJECTORY_OPTIMIZATION_Volume11.pdf]]
  1. [[Relative Motion, Guidance Equations for Terminal Rendezvous|NASA_CR_GUIDANCE_FLIGHT_MECHANICS_AND_TRAJECTORY_OPTIMIZATION_Volume12.pdf]]
  1. [[Numerical Optimization Methods|NASA_CR_GUIDANCE_FLIGHT_MECHANICS_AND_TRAJECTORY_OPTIMIZATION_Volume13.pdf]]
  1. [[Entry Guidance Equations|NASA_CR_GUIDANCE_FLIGHT_MECHANICS_AND_TRAJECTORY_OPTIMIZATION_Volume14.pdf]]
  1. [[Application of Optimization Techniques|NASA_CR_GUIDANCE_FLIGHT_MECHANICS_AND_TRAJECTORY_OPTIMIZATION_Volume15.pdf]]
  1. [[Mission Constraints and Trajectory Interfaces|NASA_CR_GUIDANCE_FLIGHT_MECHANICS_AND_TRAJECTORY_OPTIMIZATION_Volume16.pdf]]
  1. [[Guidance System Performance Analysis|NASA_CR_GUIDANCE_FLIGHT_MECHANICS_AND_TRAJECTORY_OPTIMIZATION_Volume17.pdf]]